Your guide to being an expatriate in Algeria

Caffeinate Your Algeria Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Algeria, officially known as the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a nation located in North Africa. Spanning an extensive area of over 2.38 million square kilometers, it is the largest country by land area in Africa, and the tenth largest by population. Algeria is predominantly an Arabic-speaking country, with Berber and Beja recognized as regional official languages. The majority of the population identifies as Muslim, and the country's diverse climate and economy contribute to its unique character. Notable landmarks in Algeria include the ancient city of Tipasa, and the bustling capital city, Algiers.


Expat destinations in Algeria

Demographics of Algeria:

Ethnic groups

Most of the population consists of Arabs, Berbers, and mixed Arab and Berber descent. Additionally, there are European and Mozabite communities.


Algerian Arabic is the official and predominant language, with Berber and Beja recognized as official regional languages.

Religion Overview

Algeria is predominantly a Muslim-majority country, with around 99% of the population practicing Islam.

Major Religions


Algeria has a diverse climatic range, with coastal regions having a Mediterranean climate, interior regions experiencing a hot desert climate, and highland areas characterized by a snowy mountain climate.

Economy Overview

Algeria's economy is primarily driven by the oil and gas sector, accounting for around 60% of exports and 30% of government revenue. Other key industries include industry, construction, and agriculture.

Key Industries

  • Oil and gas
  • Industry
  • Agriculture
  • Construction
  • Tourism
  • Mining

Major Companies

  • Sonatrach (National Oil Company)
  • Cevital (Food Processing and Agriculture)

Culture and Language Overview

Algerian culture is rooted in its history, with Arabic and Berber influences evident in art, music, and dance. Traditional cuisine reflects both Mediterranean and Middle Eastern flavors.

Cultural Highlights

  • Music Festivals, such as Sahara Festival and Itinära Cultural Festival
  • Art Exhibitions, such as National Woodcarving Exhibition and Annual Children's Art Exhibition
  • Traditional Dance Performances, such as Chaamba and Kparra
  • Cuisine, such as Couscous, Tagine, and M'hancha

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Algeria's geography is characterized by varied landscapes, from the beaches of the Mediterranean coast to the mountains of the Atlas plateau to the vast Sahara desert. Some landmarks of note include the ancient city of Tipasa, the Casbah of Algiers, and the Ben Aknoun Palm Grove.

Notable Landmarks

  • Tipasa (Ancient Roman ruins)
  • Casbah of Algiers (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
  • Ben Aknoun Palm Grove (Community-Based Tourism Site)
  • El Djeba (The Roman city of Timgad, a UNESCO World Heritage Site)

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
  • Martyr's Day (November 1)
  • Evidence Day (January 24)
  • National Revolution Day (November 1)
  • Ashoura (Day of Mourning for the martyrs of Karbala)

Political Stability

Algeria has been facing political and economic challenges in recent years, including protests and conflicts. The country has struggled with corruption and a lack of economic development, particularly outside of the oil and gas sector. Political instability has also been exacerbated by tensions between various factions and movements, including Islamist and secular groups.

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