Your guide to being an expatriate in Kenya

Caffeinate Your Kenya Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Kenya is a sovereign state in East Africa, with a rich cultural heritage and a tumultuous political history. It lies on the equator, bordering Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somalia. The country is famous for its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and vibrant cities. Kenya's economy is relatively stable and boasts a growing middle class, with agriculture, finance, and manufacturing as key sectors. It is also a major player in regional political affairs, having played a critical role in conflict resolution in Somalia and other neighboring countries.


Expat destinations in Kenya

Demographics of Kenya:

Ethnic groups

Bantu 37.1%, Nilotic 17.0%, Nilotic and Bantu 14.2%, Cushitic 6.6%, Arab-Berber 1.3%, Other African 16.2%, Non-African 0.5%


English (official), Swahili (national), several other African languages

Religion Overview

Kenya is predominantly Christian, with significant Muslim and traditional religious communities as well.

Major Religions


Kenya's climate varies considerably by region, ranging from hot and dry deserts in the north to tropical rainforests in the west. The coastal areas are generally humid and experience heavy rainfall, while the interior is arid and semi-arid.

Economy Overview

Kenya's economy is steadily growing, with strong performance in the tech sector, agriculture, and finance. The country is working to improve infrastructure, reduce corruption, and promote economic diversification to foster sustainable development.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture
  • Tourism
  • Finance
  • Manufacturing
  • Real Estate and Construction
  • IT and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
  • Energy and Mining

Major Companies

  • KenGen
  • Safaricom Limited
  • KCB Group
  • Equity Group Holdings
  • Cooperative Bank of Kenya
  • Bidco Africa
  • East African Breweries Limited

Culture and Language Overview

Kenya has a rich cultural heritage, influenced by centuries of migration and colonization. The country is home to a diverse array of traditions, customs, and celebrations, reflecting the unique histories of its many ethnic groups.

Cultural Highlights

  • Luo Tribe Wanga Festival: Celebrating the wedding traditions of the Luo people, this festival is a vibrant celebration of music, dance, and traditional foods.
  • Kikuyu Mbau Festival: Celebrated in the Central Highlands, this festival is centered on the Mbau tree, which is believed to have medicinal properties that protect against malaria.
  • Dik-Dik Festival: A cultural exchange event organized by the Pokot cultural festival committee consisting of members drawn from neighboring African countries and regions to develop social capital.
  • R ber traditional dancers from Samburu, Kalenjin, Turkana and Maasai Tribes: This display showcases the traditional dance forms, mime and drama of various ethnic groups and tribes that constitute Kenya's diverse cultural heritage.
  • Masai Evocation: The Masai evocation of Maasai warriors, herders and their families tells a story about the humble beginnings of the Maasai people and their transformation into warriors.

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Kenya is home to some of the most stunning and iconic natural wonders in the world, including vast savannahs, majestic mountain ranges, and pristine wilderness areas.

Notable Landmarks

  • Mount Kilimanjaro: Although it is located in Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa, is easily visible from northern Kenya.
  • Lake Turkana: Known as the Jade Sea, this salt-lake bordering Ethiopia and Kenya is one of the most spectacular landscapes in Africa.
  • Amboseli National Park: Famous for its distinctive volcanic scenery and elephant populations, this park is located at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro.
  • Hell's Gate National Park: Named after the dramatic landscape that resembles a scene from hell, this park is home to a wide array of flora and fauna, including lions, hyenas, and wild beasts.
  • Maji Mazuri: Located on the outskirts of Nairobi, this nature conservation center features a diverse range of animal species such as lions, elephants, giraffes, and antelopes in a natural habitat.

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Easter Sunday
  • Easter Monday
  • Labor Day (May 1)
  • Madaraka Day (June 1)
  • Kenya Independence Day (August 12)
  • Mourning of the Departed (August 30)
  • Mashujaa International Solidarity Day (October 20)
  • Halie Selassie Day ( October 27)

Political Stability

Kenya has a semi-presidential republical system of government, with the President serving as both head of state and head of government. In recent years, Kenya has experienced some political volatility, including disputed elections and instances of violence. However, the country is committed to promoting political stability and dealing with these challenges through peaceful and constitutional means.

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