Your guide to being an expatriate in Mozambique

Caffeinate Your Mozambique Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Nestled along the Indian Ocean, Mozambique is a hidden gem for expats seeking adventure and excitement. With a colorful history, diverse landscape, and welcoming people, it's no wonder Mozambique is quickly becoming a popular destination for expats. From the bustling cities to the idyllic beaches, Mozambique offers something for everyone.


Expat destinations in Mozambique

Demographics of Mozambique:

Ethnic groups

Asian: 0.2%

Other: 0.1%

African: 99%

Portuguese: 0.3%


Swahili: Commonly spoken

Portuguese: Official

Religion Overview

Mozambique is a predominantly Catholic country, with Catholicism being practiced by over 25% of the population. Islam is also widely recognized, with an estimated 15% of the population following the religion.

Major Religions


Mozambique has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather throughout the year. The country is prone to cyclones during the rainy season, which typically lasts from November to April.

Economy Overview

Mozambique has experienced impressive economic growth in recent years, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $15.4 billion in 2021. The country's economy is heavily reliant on agriculture, accounting for approximately 24% of GDP and employing over half of the population.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture
  • Fish production and processing
  • Mining (particularly coal, rubies, titanium, and rare earth elements)
  • Manufacturing (especially textiles and food processing)

Major Companies

  • Tete Mining
  • Vale
  • Endiça Holding
  • Eduardo Mondlane University

Culture and Language Overview

Mozambican culture is rich and diverse, with a strong emphasis on family, community, and hospitality. Its traditional music and dance styles, such as tatube, marrabenta, and kwasakwasa, are widely recognized and celebrated.

Cultural Highlights

  • Mapiko Festival (April-May) - A cultural festival that celebrates the sacred traditional actions of Mozambican people through dance, music, and ceremony.
  • Festa das Vindas (September-October) - A renowned cultural festival that commemorates the Portuguese colonialism in Mozambique through traditional Mozambican & Portuguese folk dances, music, and local cuisine.
  • Mapiko dancers - A dance tradition dressed in colorful costumes and masked heads, signifying the spiritual connection to ancestors and community unity.
  • Timbila ensembles - A traditional Mozambican music performance by using traditional African instruments accompanied by unique and traditional song styles.
  • Muzo - A cultural hub in Inhambane where tourists experience Mozambique's traditional arts, crafts, and cultural heritage elements.

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Mozambique is a country with a diverse landscape, ranging from lush forests and savannas to pristine beaches and turquoise waters. The country is also home to several national parks, including Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve, providing opportunities for wildlife and nature enthusiasts.

Notable Landmarks

  • Ilha de Mozambique - A charming island off the coast of Nampula, blending rich history with breathtaking landscapes.
  • Bazaruto Archipelago National Park - A collection of six islands offering paradisiacal beaches, diverse marine life, and unique African traditions.
  • Morro de Mambane - An ancient, sacred mountain considered sacred by the Makonde people who live at its foot.
  • Maputo Cathedral - A historical, imposing, and significant building in the heart of Maputo, with neo-gothic architecture and religious significance.
  • Tofo Beach - A dreamland for beach enthusiasts, offering crystal-clear waters for diving and snorkeling, and spectacular sunsets.

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Independence Day (June 25)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • New Year's Eve (December 31)

Political Stability

Mozambique is a republic with a multi-party system, with the President serving as both head of state and head of government. The country has experienced periods of political instability, including a civil war from 1977 to 1992 and unrest in recent years. However, efforts are being made to improve political stability and foster economic growth.

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