Your guide to being an expatriate in Rwanda

Caffeinate Your Rwanda Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a country in Central Africa and the Transcontinental Africa region, bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It covers an area of 26,338 square kilometers and has a population of over 12 million people, making it the most densely populated country in Africa. The country's official language is Kinyarwanda, with English and French also widely spoken.


Expat destinations in Rwanda

Demographics of Rwanda:

Ethnic groups

The country's population is primarily composed of the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa ethnic groups, with Hutus accounting for approximately 84% of the population, Tutsis making up around 15%, and Twa being a minority group at roughly 1%.


Kinyarwanda, English, and French are the official languages of Rwanda.

Religion Overview

Rwanda is predominantly Christian, with approximately 56% of the population identifying as Roman Catholic and 26% as Protestant. Around 18% of the population practices traditional African religions, and less than 1% follows Islam.

Major Religions


Rwanda has a tropical highland climate, with moderate temperatures (between 18-23°C/64-73°F) and relatively high humidity throughout the year.

Economy Overview

Economic development in Rwanda has been remarkable in recent years, with the country experiencing steady growth, reducing poverty, and making strides in expanding access to education and healthcare. Its economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for over 30% of the GDP and employs around 80% of the population.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture
  • Tourism
  • Mining
  • Manufacturing

Major Companies

  • Carrefour
  • Nestle
  • Danone
  • Kigo Investments

Culture and Language Overview

Rwanda's unique cultural heritage is reflected in its traditional practices, dances, and crafts, which have been preserved through oral traditions and cultural festivals. The country is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the Parc National des Volcans, which is home to the endangered mountain gorillas.

Cultural Highlights

  • Umuganda: A community service event held on the last Saturday of every month, during which citizens participate in various works, such as tree planting, trash cleaning, infrastructure developments, and community-building activities.
  • Intore Dance: A traditional Rwandan dance that celebrates the beauty and grace of Rwandan women, featuring elaborate costumes and intricate choreography.
  • Rwanda Genocide Memorials: The Kigali Genocide Memorial, which is the largest holocaust monument in Africa, and the Gisozi Memorial Centre, which commemorates the genocide's victims and survivors, are must-visit sites for travelers looking to learn more about Rwandan history and tapestry.

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Rwanda is a landlocked country that is divided into five provinces and one city: Kigali. The country is characterized by its mountainous terrain, including the Virunga Mountains, which form a part of the Albertine Rift, a region of tectonic activity and endemic species.

Notable Landmarks

  • Volcanoes National Park
  • Akagera National Park
  • Nyabihu Nte (Clouds of Hope) Memorial Site
  • Gisenyi Genocide Memorial
  • Nyamirambo Women’s Centre

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Liberation Day (1st July)
  • Rwanda’s Independence Day (July 1, 1962)
  • National Heroes Day (October 1)
  • Saint Paul's Day (January 25)
  • Memorial Day of Mugongo, the Uprising Against Colonialism (1st August)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • Catholic Epiphany (January 6)
  • Labour Day (1st May)

Political Stability

Rwanda's political stability has been marked by a peaceful and democratic transition in recent years. The country has implemented a strong governance structure, including a multi-party system, free and fair elections, and the establishment of judicial independence. Its national priorities include reducing poverty, promoting economic growth and development, and strengthening good governance.

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