Your guide to being an expatriate in Somalia

Caffeinate Your Somalia Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Located in the Horn of Africa, Somalia is a country that boasts a unique blend of cultures and traditions. Known as the 'Land of Pasts', Somalia is steeped in history, dating back over 2,000 years when it was an important trading hub for ancient civilizations like the Greeks, Romans, and Arabs. Despite facing significant challenges in recent decades, the country's resilient people have kept the spirit of Somalia alive. Expat Coffee invites you to discover the wonders of Somalia and immerse yourself in this captivating land.


Expat destinations in Somalia

Demographics of Somalia:

Ethnic groups

The majority (80%) of the population is Somali, with Bantu and Arab communities making up the rest.


Somali is the national language, with Arabic and Italian also widely spoken.

Religion Overview

Islam is the dominant religion in Somalia, with over 99% of the population identifying as Muslim.

Major Religions


Somalia has a tropical climate, with hot and dry conditions in most areas. Coastal regions experience more humidity, while arid desert plains dominate the interior.

Economy Overview

After years of instability, Somalia's economy is slowly recovering. The country is rich in natural resources, including fisheries, livestock, and minerals like salt and uranium.

Key Industries

  • Fisheries
  • Livestock
  • Mining (including salt and uranium)

Major Companies

    Culture and Language Overview

    Somalia's vibrant culture is a blend of Arab, Ethiopian, and Swahili influences, reflected in art, music, and cuisine.

    Cultural Highlights

    • Xaashi Xuxuuyaad - A traditional dancing style common to the coastal region of Somalia.
    • Soomaali Dubar - A unique type of traditional poetry widely spoken in Somalia.

    Geography and Landmarks Overview

    Somalia's landscapes are diverse, featuring tropical forests, coastal plains, and long stretches of white sandy beaches.

    Notable Landmarks

    • Laas Geel - A UNESCO World Heritage Site featuring hundreds of prehistoric rock art depicting ancient civilizations.
    • Shabeellaha Dhexe - A major river between Somalia and Ethiopia, and an essential water resource in the Horn of Africa.

    National Holidays

    • January 1 - New Year's Day
    • April 25 - Liberation Day
    • June 12 - National Day
    • July 1 - Coronation Day
    • August 20 - Military Day
    • October 20 - Youth Day
    • December 26 - Boxing Day

    Political Stability

    The last few decades have been challenging for Somalia, with frequent political unrest, armed conflicts, and terrorist activities resulting in instability. However, in recent years, the country has seen some progress with the establishment of a central government.

    Find out more about expats in Africa

    Latest articles for expats living in Somalia