Your guide to being an expatriate in Tunisia

Caffeinate Your Tunisia Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Located in the northernmost part of Africa, Tunisia is a small yet vibrant country that is rich in culture and history. Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Algeria, and Libya, Tunisia is home to a diverse population that speaks Arabic, Berber, and French. With a Mediterranean climate that is mild and pleasant, Tunisia is an alluring destination that is steeped in ancient history and offers a unique blend of African, European, and Middle Eastern influences.


Expat destinations in Tunisia

Demographics of Tunisia:

Ethnic groups

Tunisia's population is predominantly Arab (98%), with Berber and Turkmen minorities.


Arabic (official and spoken by the majority of the population), Berber (spoken natively by some communities in the northwest), and French (spoken by a sizeable minority, mainly in urban areas)

Religion Overview

Tunisia is a secular country that is predominantly Muslim (98%), with a small Christian and Jewish minority.

Major Religions


Tunisia has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The coastal regions receive more rainfall than the interior, which is more arid.

Economy Overview

Tunisia's economy is relatively prosperous and diversified, with a focus on manufacturing, services, and agriculture. The country is a member of the Arab League and the African Union, and benefits from its strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture and fisheries
  • Manufacturing (including textiles, automobiles, and electronics)
  • Services (including finance, IT, and tourism)

Major Companies

  • Tunisiana
  • Ste gigantique
  • Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa

Culture and Language Overview

Tunisia's culture is a unique blend of Berber, Arab, French, and Mediterranean influences. Traditional arts and crafts, such as ceramics, carpets, and embroidery, are still prominent, as are music, dance, and cuisine.

Cultural Highlights

  • Carthage Archaeological Landscape - UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Medina of Tunis - UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Marsa Ben M'hidi - vibrant fishing village turned artsy hangout
  • Museum of Carthage - showcases ancient Roman mosaics and artifacts

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Tunisia's geography is varied, with a rugged interior mountains chain, fertile coastal plains, and several stunning beaches and islands (including Djerba and Kerkennah).

Notable Landmarks

  • Chebbi Oasis - an oasis in the middle of the Sahara Desert
  • El Djem Amphitheatre - largest Roman amphitheatre in North Africa
  • Chart-Rousselle Islands Marine Reserve - stunning coral reefs and marine life
  • Matmata Underground Villages - ancient Berber villages dug into hillsides

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Tunisian Revolution and Youth Day (January 14)
  • Labor Day (May 1)
  • Independence Day (March 20)
  • Africa Day (May 25)
  • Eid al-Fitr (The Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan)
  • Eid al-Adha (The Muslim holiday that commemorates Abraham's sacrifice)
  • Holy Thursday (March or April)
  • Good Friday (March or April)
  • Easter Sunday (March or April)

Political Stability

Tunisia has a democratic, multiparty system that is considered relatively stable and peaceful, especially when compared to its neighboring countries. The country has experienced some protests and political tensions in recent years, particularly related to economic reforms and corruption. However, Tunisia's stable institutions, strong civil society, and moderate Islamism generally ensure political stability and freedom of expression.

Find out more about expats in Africa

Latest articles for expats living in Tunisia