Your guide to being an expatriate in Indonesia

Caffeinate Your Indonesia Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Situated between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Indonesia is a diverse country comprising over 17,000 islands, making it the largest archipelago in the world. Its capital, Jakarta, is a booming metropolis, whereas the country's geography, varying from verdant rice paddies to crystal-clear coral reefs, vividly showcases the country's natural beauty. Indonesia is a nation with an ancient civilization steeped in religion, traditions, and cultural festivities.


Expat destinations in Indonesia

Demographics of Indonesia:

Ethnic groups

Indonesian (Javanese, Sundanese, Batak, Madurese, Balinese, Buginese, Makassarese, Banjarese, Butonese, Acehnese, Minangkabau, Dayak), Chinese, Arab, Dutch, Austronesian, indigenous Papuans


Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Chinese (Mandarin, Cantonese, Hokkien, Hakka, Teochew, Hainanese), Arabic, Tamil

Religion Overview

Indonesian society is predominantly influenced by its rich spiritual heritage. Major religions include Islam (approximately 87% of the total population), Christianity (approximately 6%), Hinduism (approximately 1%), Buddhism (approximately 1%), and indigenous beliefs (approximately 3%)

Major Religions


Indonesia's equatorial location results in a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: wet and dry. Coastal, lowland areas experience tropical rainforest climate, characterized by high rainfall, humidity, and temperatures ranging from 23°c to 25°c.

Economy Overview

Indonesia, an emerging market economy with abundant natural resources, is a member of the G-20 and ASEAN, displaying impressive economic affairs. The service sector contributes significantly to its economy, with agriculture and manufacturing following closely behind. Indonesian expats can expect employment opportunities in sectors such as finance, education, and healthcare.

Key Industries

  • Manufacturing
  • Construction
  • Wholesale and retail trade
  • Financial services
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services
  • Real estate and renting
  • Agriculture
  • Food products
  • Education
  • Healthcare

Major Companies

  • Bank Central Asia (BCA)
  • Indonesia Exchange (IDX)
  • Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI)
  • Indonesia Telekomunikasi Network (First Media)
  • PT Freeport Indonesia
  • PT Inti Nusa Sejahtera Tbk

Culture and Language Overview

The fusion of significant religions, traditions, and cultural beliefs have imparted a unique identity to Indonesia's society. Expatriates moving to Indonesia can immerse themselves in diverse festivities, including tableaus (performing arts), Urdu recitals, and Chinese New Year's ceremonial dances.

Cultural Highlights

  • Garuda Panca Maha (Five Virtues of the Garuda)
  • Obon Festival
  • Idul Adha
  • Kasodo Zinc Cermin dan Tasar Harmoni
  • Bhuwaneswara Temple Festival

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Indonesia boasts some of the world's most stunning landscapes varying from underwater wonders to majestic mountains. As an archipelago, Indonesia is full of naturally rich landmarks.

Notable Landmarks

  • Tanjung Puting National Park
  • Komodo National Park, Nusa Penida
  • Toraja Cultural Village, Sulawesi
  • Danau Toba, Sumatra
  • Borobudur Temple, Central Java

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Awqaf Day (March 8)
  • Indonesia Independence Day (August 17)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • Prophet Muhammad's Birthday (12 Rabi al-Awwal)

Political Stability

While the Indonesian Government is democratic, the country's history has encountered setbacks that still affect politics, social justice, and governance. Locals and foreigners should maintain caution during elections or political rallies when tensions tend to rise, as minorities could be targeted for violence.

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