Your guide to being an expatriate in Tajikistan

Caffeinate Your Tajikistan Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Located in Central Asia, Tajikistan is a mountainous country that is home to breathtaking landscapes, ancient Silk Road sites, and a rich cultural heritage. The country gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and has been working to rebuild its economy and improve political stability since then.


Expat destinations in Tajikistan

Demographics of Tajikistan:

Ethnic groups

Tajik: 83.2%

Uzbek: 12.1%

Kirghiz: 1.8%

Russian: 0.7%


Uzbek: 12.8%

Russian: 1.9%

Tajiki Persian: Official (84.7%)

Religion Overview

Tajikistan is predominantly Muslim, with the majority (98%) practicing Sunni Islam.

Major Religions


Tajikistan has a varied climate, with cold winters and hot summers in the valleys and temperate summers in the mountainous regions.esis is generally a dry and arid climate, while the mountainous regions have a more humid climate.

Economy Overview

Tajikistan's economy is still developing, with the majority of employment in agriculture and services. Aluminium, hydroelectricity, and cotton production are the country's key industries.

Key Industries

  • Aluminium production
  • Hydroelectric power generation
  • Cotton farming

Major Companies

    Culture and Language Overview

    Tajik culture is steeped in ancient Persian and Central Asian traditions, with a strong emphasis on music, literature, and poetry. Persian is the official language, and Russian is commonly spoken.

    Cultural Highlights

    • Ferdowsi's epic poem Shahnameh
    • The Naqshbandi Sufi order
    • Classical Persian music
    • Traditional handicrafts like carpets, textiles, and pottery

    Geography and Landmarks Overview

    Tajikistan is home to stunning mountainscapes, including the highest point in the former Soviet Union, Peak Communism. Other notable landmarks include the ancient city of Penjikent and the UNESCO World Heritage site of Hulbuk.

    Notable Landmarks

    • Peak Communism (7,495 m)
    • Fann Mountains
    • Penjikent (ancient city ruins)
    • Hulbuk (ancient city ruins)

    National Holidays

    • Independence Day (September 9)
    • Nowruz (20-23 March - Tajik New Year)
    • Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
    • Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)

    Political Stability

    Tajikistan has improved its political stability in recent decades, with the government working to tackle corruption and expand economic opportunities. However, challenges remain, particularly in the areas of security and human rights.

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