Your guide to being an expatriate in Cuba

Caffeinate Your Cuba Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Located in the Caribbean Sea, Cuba is an archipelago nation comprising the largest island in the Caribbean. Known for its rich culture, stunning beaches, and distinctive architecture, Cuba is a country that brings together a captivating mix of African, Spanish, and Caribbean influences. From salsa dancing and cigar-rolling to exploring colonial towns and admiring natural wonders, Cuba offers an unforgettable experience for visitors.


Expat destinations in Cuba

Demographics of Cuba:

Ethnic groups

The majority of the population is mixed-race (60%) followed by white (35%) and black (4%).


Spanish (official), Haitian Creole

Religion Overview

Cuba is a secular state with Freedom of religion protected by the constitution. However, the majority of Cubans identify as Roman Catholic (60%).

Major Religions


Cuba belongs to the wet tropical climate zone, offering a warm and humid climate throughout the year. The country enjoys an average annual temperature of 26°C (79°F).

Economy Overview

Cuba's economy has evolved throughout history with a mix of socialist and capitalist systems. Currently, services, primarily tourism, and agriculture are the major contributors to the country's economy.

Key Industries

  • Tourism
  • Nickel
  • Sugar
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Nickelatamina

Major Companies

  • Cubanacán Hotels Group
  • Empresa de Terminales y Puertos (ENTRUPUERTOS)
  • Tracasas SA (transport)

Culture and Language Overview

Cuba's culture and language are a unique fusion of African, Spanish, and Caribbean influences. From Spanish dialects to Afro-Cuban traditions, the country's cultural heritage is evident in its arts, music, cuisine, and architecture.

Cultural Highlights

  • Salsa Dance
  • Cigar Rolling
  • Colonial Architecture
  • Rumba Music
  • Carnaval de Santiago de Cuba
  • Cuba's Food: Arroz con pollo, ropa vieja, and Lechon Asado
  • Museo de Bellas Artes de La Habana (Fine Arts Museum)

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, shaped like a lop-sided boot, with a rugged mountainous core. Its northern coastline, however, blends into a sweeping series of coves and secluded beaches.

Notable Landmarks

  • Havana's Old Town (Habana Vieja)
  • Playa Paraiso, Ciénaga de Zapata National Park
  • El Morro Castle, Havana
  • Tobago Sand Bank, Holguín
  • Valley de Viñales, Pinar del río
  • Los Caysos, Guantanamo

National Holidays

  • January 1: New Year's Day
  • January 12: Our Lady of Candelaria
  • May 1: International Worker's Day
  • July 26: Independence Day
  • October 10: Virgin of la Caridad del Cobre Day
  • December 25: Christmas Day

Political Stability

Cuba has a communist government system which is centralized, and the country's President serves as both the Head of State and Government. The country's political stability and peace have been maintained for decades despite international pressure and the US embargo.

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