Your guide to being an expatriate in Martinique

Caffeinate Your Martinique Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Nestled in the eastern Caribbean Sea, Martinique is a French overseas department that combines the charm of French culture with the natural beauty of the Caribbean. The volcanic terrain, crystal-clear waters, and lush vegetation create a captivating landscape that boasts UNESCO World Heritage sites, stunning beaches, and breathtaking natural wonders. Despite being a region of France, Martinique has also developed its own unique identity, blending African, European, and Carib traditions to create a vibrant and diverse cultural landscape. The combination of French and Creole influences can be seen in the architecture, language, and daily life, creating a unique character that is both familiar and exotic.


Expat destinations in Martinique

Demographics of Martinique:

Ethnic groups

African, European, and Carib descent


French, Creole, and English

Religion Overview

Martinique's religious landscape is varied, with a mix of Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Animism. Approximately 70% of the population identifies as Roman Catholic, with Protestantism and Animism each accounting for roughly 5% of the population. Animism is a traditional African religion that emphasizes the interconnectivity between nature, ancestors, and spirits.

Major Religions


Martinique has a tropical climate, with temperatures that range from the mid-70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit. The humidity is typically high, and the tropical tradewinds bring frequent rains to the island. The hurricane season runs from June to November, with September and October being the most active months.

Economy Overview

Despite being a French overseas department, Martinique has developed its own unique economy, driven by agriculture, fishery, and tourism industries. The primary agricultural products include bananas, melons, and other tropical fruits. The fishing industry is also significant, with catches including shrimp, lobster, and conches. Tourism is a growing industry, with attractions that include historic forts, scenic beaches, and rainforest hikes.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture
  • Tourism
  • Fishery

Major Companies

  • CMM (Martinique Seafood): A major exporter of shrimp and conches
  • MAG (Martinique Agricultural Cooperative): A farming cooperative specializing in bananas

Culture and Language Overview

Martinique's cultural heritage is a unique blend of African, European, and Carib traditions. The Creole language, a mix of French and African dialects, is widely spoken and is an important symbol of Martinique's identity. Festive celebrations such as Carnival and Independence Day are lively and colorful events that include traditional music, dance, and food.

Cultural Highlights

  • Carnival: Featuring colorful costumes, Caribbean rhythms, and lively dance parties, Carnival is a celebration of culture and community that takes place in January or February.
  • Independence Day: Marking the end of French colonial rule in 1946, Independence Day is celebrated annually on April 14th with parades, concerts, and cultural events.
  • Stew: Known as 'karis' in Creole, stew is a traditional Martinican dish that typically includes chicken, pork, beef, and vegetables in a tomato-based sauce. It may also include seafood, depending on the region.

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Martinique is a volcanic island, with lush vegetation, waterfalls, and rainforests covering much of the terrain. The island is also home to several stunning beaches, including Grande Anse and Schoelcher Beach. Historical landmarks include the Fort Saint-Louis, a restored colonial fort, and the Museum of Martinique, which tells the story of Martinique's cultural heritage.

Notable Landmarks

  • Montagne Pelée: A dormant volcano that last erupted in 1902, this historic landmark offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.
  • Carib's Rock: A forest park that preserves an ancient Carib village and offers guided tours of the area.
  • Balata Garden: A 2-hectare tropical garden that showcases a wide variety of exotic plants and flowers.

National Holidays

  • January 1 - New Year's Day
  • April 14 - Independence Day
  • May 1 - Labor Day
  • May 8 - Victory Day
  • June 14 - National Day
  • August 15 - Assumption Day
  • November 1 - All Saints' Day
  • November 11 - Armistice Day
  • December 25 - Christmas Day

Political Stability

As a French overseas department, Martinique enjoys a stable and familiar political system, with French laws and institutions in place. However, there have been occasional tensions between Martinique's leaders and the French government over issues such as economic development, cultural autonomy, and environmental protection.

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