Your guide to being an expatriate in Kosovo

Caffeinate Your Kosovo Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Kosovo is a small, newly independent country in southeastern Europe with a population of approximately 1.8 million people. After a decade of conflict, it declared its independence from Serbia in 2008. Despite international recognition, its sovereignty is still disputed by neighboring Serbia and some other countries. Kosovo is a multi-ethnic and multi-confessional society, with ethnic Albanians forming the majority (over 90%). The official language is Albanian, while Serbian is also widely spoken. The country is defined by its stunning mountain scenery and has a newly emerging economy, driven by trade, services, and agriculture.


Expat destinations in Kosovo

Demographics of Kosovo:

Ethnic groups

Other: Less than 2%

Serbs: Less than 3%

Turks: Less than 2%

Bosniaks: Less than 2%

Albanians: Over 90%


Serbian: Widely spoken

Albanian: Official

Religion Overview

Kosovo is predominantly Muslim, with the majority (over 95%) following Sunni Islam. The remaining population consists primarily of Orthodox Christians.

Major Religions


Kosovo has a continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. Winters can be harsh with heavy snowfall, while summers are warm and often dry. The average annual rainfall is around 700 mm.

Economy Overview

Kosovo's economy is still developing, with agriculture, trade, and services forming the main sectors. The country has made significant strides in economic growth and development since independence, with an average annual GDP growth rate of around 3% in recent years. International investment and trade agreements have helped to boost economic activity, but corruption and political instability remain major challenges.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture (primary sector)
  • Trade (secondary sector)
  • Services (tertiary sector)

Major Companies

  • EPZ Kosovo
  • Kruikos
  • Clinic of Maxillofacial Surgery in Prishtina
  • Green Film Balkan

Culture and Language Overview

Kosovo's culture is a rich and complex blend of Albanian, Serbian, Turkish, and other influences. Albanian language and literature, folk art, music, and dance are highly valued, while Serbian cultural heritage is also recognized and respected. Festivals and celebrations are an integral part of Kosovan culture, with major events such as the International Festival of Theatre CETIRI (in Mitrovica) and the Dokufest International Documentary and Short Film Festival (in Prizren) drawing large crowds every year.

Cultural Highlights

  • National Day (February 17) - Commemorates the inauguration of the Assembly of Kosovo in the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) building
  • Folklore Festivals - Various events held throughout the year, celebrating traditional Albanian, Serbian, and other cultural heritage
  • International Film Festival Dokufest - One of the most prestigious documentary and short film festivals in Southeast Europe
  • National Summer Festival - Cultural and historical programs held throughout summer in various locations, aimed at promoting cultural heritage and tourism
  • Kosovo Fest - Annual Albanian language song contest, featuring both established and new artists

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Kosovo is a mountainous country, with elevations ranging from 200 to 2,764 meters. The landscape is characterized by deep valleys, gorges, and rolling hills, interspersed with dense forests and fertile plains. The peaks of Sharr Mountain offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside, while the clear waters of Lake Radmilja provide a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of urban life. Kosovo is also home to a number of historic landmarks, such as the Gazimestan Battlefield, which witnessed the famous 1389 Battle of Kosovo.

Notable Landmarks

  • Sharr National Park - Home to diverse flora and fauna, including brown bears, wolves, and lynx
  • Decani Synodical Orthodox Church - A masterpiece of medieval Serbian architecture, nestled amidst verdant meadows and forests
  • Newborn Monument - A popular landmark, symbolizing Kosovo's newfound independence
  • Gerseku (Prizren) - An ancient Turkish-style bathhouse, now transformed into a cultural center and cozy cafe
  • Decani Library - Giorgi Kofidakis Library (Decani) - One of the largest libraries in Kosovo, with over 80,000 volumes

National Holidays

  • February 17 - National Day
  • March 14 - Saint Demetrios' Day
  • April 2 - New Year's Day
  • May 1 - Labor Day
  • April 7 - Orthodox Easter Sunday (movable date)
  • August 15 - Assumption Day
  • October 2 - National Awakening Day
  • November 28 - Independence Day
  • December 25 - Christmas Day

Political Stability

Kosovo's political stability is still doubtful due to ongoing disputes with Serbia and other neighboring countries. The region's ethnic and religious tensions sometimes result in flare-ups of violence. The government continues to focus on social and economic reform, while also working to build stronger relationships with international partners and organizations. At the same time, persistent challenges such as corruption and organized crime remain significant obstacles to progress.

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