Your guide to being an expatriate in Serbia

Caffeinate Your Serbia Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Serbia, officially known as the Republic of Serbia, is a country located in the southeastern region of Europe. It is bordered by Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, and North Macedonia. As a former Yugoslav republic, Serbia has a complex history that has left an indelible impression on its culture and politics. The country gained independence in 2006 and has since transformed into a modern democratic nation. Although it still faces economic and political issues, Serbia's growing infrastructure, thriving industry, and dynamic arts scene make it a compelling destination for expats.


Expat destinations in Serbia

Demographics of Serbia:

Ethnic groups

Serbs (83%), Hungarians (2%), Roma (2%), Bunjevci (0.5%), Slovaks (0.3%), and others (12.2%).


Serbian (official), Hungarian, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, and Ruthenian (officially recognized minority languages)

Religion Overview

Serbia has a predominantly Christian Orthodox population, with 84% of the population identifying as Christian Orthodox. Smaller numbers of Catholics, Protestants, and Muslims also live in Serbia.

Major Religions


Serbia has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. Summers are warm and dry, and winters are cold and snowy. The average temperature in Belgrade is 11.2°C (52.2°F) in July and -2.9°C (27.2°F) in January.

Economy Overview

Serbia's economy has been growing rapidly in recent years, thanks in large part to its strategic location, strong workforce, and favorable business environment. The country is a member of the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), the European Union (EU), and has signed a Stabilization and Association Agreement with the EU. Serbia's key industries include manufacturing, agriculture, mining, and service sectors.

Key Industries

  • Automotive and engineering: Serbia is home to multiple international automotive manufacturers, including Fiat, Porsche, and Hyundai.
  • IT and telecommunications: Serbia's IT sector is rapidly developing, with Belgrade becoming a Central European hub for tech start-ups and larger companies alike.
  • Mining: Serbia is rich in mineral resources, including lead, zinc, copper, and chromium.

Major Companies

  • Epaok Mikronik (IT and electronics)
  • Bank Intesa (banking and financial services)
  • BAI Landwirtschaftlicher Gerätebau (agriculture machinery)

Culture and Language Overview

Serbian culture is shaped by a rich heritage of art, literature, and religious tradition. The country has produced renowned writers, musicians, and artists, with many works and expressions still popular today. Serbs share a strong sense of national pride and a passion for social and artistic expression.

Cultural Highlights

  • Folklore: Traditional Serbian music, dance, and clothing continue to be celebrated in festivals and cultural events throughout the country.
  • Literature: Serbia has a rich literary heritage that includes the works of Ivo Andric, Borisav Stankovic, and Aleksandar Vucic (not the current Serbian president!).
  • Cuisine: Serbian cuisine combines Balkan, Turkish, and Austrian influences, with dishes such as cevapi, pljeskavica, and rakija (a fruit brandy) remaining staples in Serbian social life.

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Serbia's landscape is varied and diverse, with rolling hills, vast plains, and towering mountains. The country is home to several spectacular national parks, including Kopaonik, Tara, and Stevanovac. The Danube and Sava rivers flow through Serbia, while important lakes, such as Tisza and Sutjeska, are situated in the northern and western parts of the country.

Notable Landmarks

  • Belgrade Fortress: Built in the 15th century, this historic fortification is a testament to Serbia's fascinating military history.
  • Nis Fortress: Dating back to the Roman Empire, this ancient fortress offers a glimpse into the heritage of the Balkans.
  • Soko Grad: This medieval fortress and Orthodox monastery is situated on a craggy peak near the town of Sokobanja.

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Orthodox Christmas Day (January 7)
  • Orthodox Easter Sunday (date varies)
  • International Labor Day (May 1)
  • Children's Day (May 24)
  • Victory Day (May 28)
  • Republic Day (June 28)
  • St. Peter's Day (June 29)
  • St. Sava's Day (January 13 in Julian calendar, January 26 or 27 in Gregorian calendar)

Political Stability

Serbia has experienced an upswing in political stability since the country's declaration of independence. The country is a parliamentary democracy with a multi-party system and a relatively active civil society. However, the judicial system is still in need of reform, and corruption remains a significant issue.

Find out more about expats in Europe

Latest articles for expats living in Serbia