Your guide to being an expatriate in United Kingdom

Caffeinate Your United Kingdom Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It has a long and tumultuous history, with the British Empire once spanning over a quarter of the globe. The country is home to approximately 67 million people, with a diverse array of ethnicities and religions. English is the de facto national language, with Welsh and Scottish Gaelic also recognized as official regional languages.

United Kingdom

Expat destinations in United Kingdom

Demographics of United Kingdom:

Ethnic groups

White Irish: 0.6%

White Other: 7.2%

Asian British: 4.9%

Black British: 1.8%

Mixed British: 1.3%

White British: 81.3%

Other ethnic group: 3.0%


Welsh: Over 569,00 (0.8%)

English: Over 98%

Scots Gaelic: Over 57,00 (0.1%)

Ulster Scots: Unknown

British Sign Language (BSL): Unknown

Religion Overview

The United Kingdom is a predominantly Christian country, with a significant number of non-religious individuals and a growing Muslim population.

Major Religions


The United Kingdom has a temperate oceanic climate, with mild temperatures year-round. Winters are typically cold and wet, while summers are cool and moderately dry. The country is known for occasional extreme weather events.

Economy Overview

The United Kingdom is a highly developed and innovative economy, with a strong focus on finance, technology, and manufacturing. It is the fifth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP, and a member of the G7 and G20 groups.

Key Industries

  • Banking and finance
  • Technology (including artificial intelligence, biotechnology, and cybersecurity)
  • Manufacturing

Major Companies

  • HSBC Holdings
  • Royal Bank of Scotland Group
  • Lloyds Banking Group
  • Barclays
  • National Grid
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • AstraZeneca
  • Renault Nissan Mitsubishi
  • Jaguar Land Rover Automotive
  • Sage Group

Culture and Language Overview

The United Kingdom has a rich cultural heritage, with a diverse range of festivals, music, literature, and visual arts. Its national language, English, has spread around the world through its former colonial empire.

Cultural Highlights

  • The annual Notting Hill Carnival in London, which celebrates Caribbean culture
  • The Edinburgh Festivals in Scotland, which include theatre, comedy, and music events
  • The Manchester International Festival, which highlights multidisciplinary arts from around the world
  • The Glastonbury Festival in Somerset, which focuses on contemporary music, dance, and performing arts
  • The Dark Mountain Project, which aims to connect ecological activism and culture
  • The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race, a traditional rowing competition between the two universities

Geography and Landmarks Overview

The United Kingdom is an archipelago consisting of several distinct countries and regions, each with its own unique geography and landmarks. From the rolling hills of the Cotswolds to the rugged beauty of the Scottish Highlands, the country has a diverse range of landscapes.

Notable Landmarks

  • Stonehenge in Wiltshire, an awe-inspiring medieval stone circle
  • The Tower of London in London, a historic fortress turned popular tourist attraction
  • Ben Nevis in the Scottish Highlands, the tallest mountain in the country
  • The Grand Union Canal in London and the Midlands, a historic waterway that has transformed the UK's landscape
  • The Beachy Head lighthouse in East Sussex, a striking coastal landmark
  • The Belfry in Coventry, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that survived the bombing campaign of World War II

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Sunday
  • Easter Monday
  • May Day (first Monday in May)
  • Spring Bank Holiday (last Monday in May)
  • Summer Bank Holiday (last Monday in August)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)

Political Stability

The United Kingdom has a stable parliamentary democracy, but its exit from the European Union in 2020 has caused some political uncertainty. The country's main political issues include healthcare reform, housing affordability, and environmental sustainability.

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