Your guide to being an expatriate in Oman

Caffeinate Your Oman Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Oman is a sultanate located on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Known for its rich culture, breathtaking landscapes, and fascinating history, Oman is a melting pot of Arab, African, and Indian influences. With a population of over 4.7 million people, Oman is a thriving nation that continues to grow and prosper. Its visionary leadership, coupled with its strategic geographic location, has transformed Oman into a regional hub for trade, tourism, and finance.


Expat destinations in Oman

Demographics of Oman:

Ethnic groups

Arab (mostly Baluchi, Bedu, and Awamiya), small communities of Africans, Ash'aris (Arabized Omani Zanzibaris), Beidas (Omani Arabs), Persians, and South Asians


Arabic (official), Balochi, and Swahili

Religion Overview

Islam is the dominant religion in Oman, with 99% of the population practicing it. The majority of Omanis follow the Ibadhi branch of Islam, while a significant minority follow other branches like Sunni and Shia.

Major Religions


Oman has a hot desert climate, with long, hot summers and short, mild winters. The coastal regions are relatively cooler due to the influence of the sea breeze.

Economy Overview

Oman has a mixed economy that relies heavily on its vast oil and gas resources. The economy is prospering, with booming sectors like trade, finance, and logistics. The government is committed to diversifying the economy and reducing its dependence on hydrocarbons.

Key Industries

  • Oil and gas
  • Fisheries and aquaculture
  • Tourism
  • Port operations and logistics
  • Manufacturing and construction
  • Finance, banking, and insurance
  • Telecommunications
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Renewable energy (wind and solar power)

Major Companies

  • Oman Oil Company (OOC)
  • Coastal Land Property Company (CLPG)
  • National Fishing Company (NFCO)
  • Oman Arab Bank

Culture and Language Overview

Oman's rich culture blends Arab, African, and Indian influences, resulting in a fascinating mixture of art, music, cuisine, and festivals. The Arabic language forms the backbone of Omani culture, with Swahili and Balochi also being widely spoken.

Cultural Highlights

  • Omani Dhow (traditional wooden sailing vessel) dhowing race
  • Khareef Music Festival
  • Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha festivals
  • New Year's Eve celebrations
  • National Day (18th of November)

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Oman boasts an incredibly diverse geography, with rugged mountains, vast deserts, scenic beaches, and stark canyons. The country is home to many fascinating landmarks, ranging from ancient forts and castles to modern architectural marvels.

Notable Landmarks

  • Muscat Grand Mosque
  • Nakhal Fort
  • Bahla Fort
  • Al-Hamra
  • Al-Aziq
  • Al-Rustaq
  • Samail
  • Wadi Shab
  • Jebel Akhdar
  • Wuqat Al Mirashi
  • Al-Kahf Cave
  • Frankincense Forest in Wadi Al Khalef

National Holidays

  • National Day (18th of November)
  • New Year's Day (1st of January)
  • Muslim Eid Al Fitr (End of Ramadan)
  • Muslim Eid Al Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
  • Christian Easter Sunday
  • Christian Orthodox Christmas Day
  • Ascension Day (40 days after Easter)
  • Pentecost (7th Sunday after Easter)
  • Armed Forces Day (17th of August)
  • Oman Liberation Day (23rd of July)
  • Resurrection Day (Muslim holiday)

Political Stability

Oman is a stabilized and peaceful country, widely known for its commitment to democracy and rule of law. The country has a constitutional monarchy, with the Sultan serving as both the head of state and the head of government.

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