Your guide to being an expatriate in Puerto Rico

Caffeinate Your Puerto Rico Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Nestled in the Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico is a dazzling archipelago made up of an array of stunning islands, lush rainforests, and tranquil beaches. This U.S. Territory, formally established in 1898, is home to a diverse population of over 3 million people whose customs and traditions mirror both Latin American and Caribbean influences. With an intriguing blend of Spanish, African, and indigenous influences, Puerto Rico offers a cornucopia of eclectic delights from its mouth-watering cuisine to its distinctive music, dance, and handicrafts.

Puerto Rico

Expat destinations in Puerto Rico

Demographics of Puerto Rico:

Ethnic groups

Over 70% of Puerto Rico's population identifies as Latino or Hispanic, predominantly of Spanish descent. The remaining population identifies as African American, Chinese, or Caucasian.


Spanish is the official language, with English also widely spoken, particularly in urban centers. Taíno (an Arawak language) is recognized as a co-official language, but no longer widely spoken.

Religion Overview

Puerto Rico is predominantly Catholic, with over 85% of the population practicing the faith. Other religious groups with significant followings include Protestants, Adventists, and Jehovah's Witnesses.

Major Religions


Puerto Rico enjoys a tropical, subtropical climate impacted by warm ocean currents. The island has two distinct seasons, with slightly cooler, drier winters from December to April, and warmer, wetter summers from May to November.

Economy Overview

Puerto Rico boasts a thriving economy driven largely by its service sector, including finance, tourism, and health care. The territory also has a variety of manufactured products and agricultural goods.

Key Industries

  • Finance
  • Tourism
  • Health care

Major Companies

  • Banco Santander
  • Banco Popular
  • Banco NDA

Culture and Language Overview

Puerto Rico's cultural identity is distinctly Caribbean and Latin American, shaped throughout history by Spanish, African, and Taíno influences. Traditional festivals and events celebrate this heritage, ranging from the three-week-long Fiestas de la Calle Cerra in San Juan to the colorful parades and games of Carnaval in the south.

Cultural Highlights

  • Carnaval
  • Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead)
  • Three Kings Parade
  • Fiestas de la Calle Cerra

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Puerto Rico's dazzling landscape encompasses lush rainforests, scenic beaches, and dramatic mountain peaks. The island's northern coastline is particularly striking, featuring miles of pristine, white sand shores and hypnotic turquoise waters.

Notable Landmarks

  • El Yunque National Forest
  • Old San Juan (a medieval historic district)
  • Culebra Island (with its surreal bioluminescent bays)
  • San Cristóbal Fortress (a World Heritage Site)

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Three Kings Parade (January 6)
  • Dia de San Juan (June 24)
  • Dia de la Bandera y del Meridiano (July 25)
  • Puerto Rico's Independence Day (July 25)
  • Dia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (August 15)
  • Dia de la Creación (September 18)
  • Día de los Muertos (November 1)
  • Thanksgiving Day (fourth Thursday in November)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)

Political Stability

As a U.S. Territory, Puerto Rico is bound by federal laws and protected by the U.S. Military. The commonwealth is led by a governor appointed by the president of the United States, with a legislative assembly, judicial system, and constitution recognizing many of the rights of U.S. Citizenship.

Find out more about expats in North America

Latest articles for expats living in Puerto Rico