Your guide to being an expatriate in Norfolk Island

Caffeinate Your Norfolk Island Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Located about 1,600 kilometers east of Australia, Norfolk Island is a small, self-governing territory of Australia. The island has a unique history, having been settled by the British in 1788 as a penal colony. Norfolk Island was abandoned by the British in 1856, but was reoccupied as a convict settlement in 1825. Since 1979, it has been administered by Australia, which guides its domestic affairs and defence. Today, Norfolk Island is a thriving community, with a population made up primarily of Australians and New Zealanders.

Norfolk Island

Expat destinations in Norfolk Island

Demographics of Norfolk Island:

Ethnic groups

European: 93.1% Parts Asian: 3.8% Other: 3.1%


English: Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimate (2011) reports English is spoken by 99.5% of the population.

Religion Overview

The majority of the population identifies as Christian, with various denominations including the Anglican Church of Australia, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Presbyterian Church of Australia.

Major Religions


Norfolk Island enjoys a mild and temperate climate, characterized by warm summers and cool winters. The average temperature from December to February is 21.6°C (71°F), and from June to August is 15.8°C (60°F). Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average annual rainfall of 1,330 millimeters (52.4 inches).

Economy Overview

The economy of Norfolk Island is primarily based on tourism, agriculture, and fishing. The island is home to numerous boutique vineyards, orchards, and olive groves, with many award-winning products produced on Norfolk Island.

Key Industries

  • Tourism
  • Agriculture
  • Fishing
  • Laidback lifestyle attracting retirees and entrepreneurs

Major Companies

  • Captain Cook Distilling Co.
  • Darling Downs Farmers' Direct
  • Fresh Fruit Finder
  • Holland Cottage Industries

Culture and Language Overview

Norfolk Island's rich cultural heritage is a blend of British, Australian, and Pacific Island traditions. The island is home to a number of historic sites and landmarks, including the World Heritage-listed Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area.

Cultural Highlights

  • Discovering the island's fascinating convict history at Phillips' Farm and the Convict Settlement
  • Exploring the ruins of Australia's first penal settlement at Kingston
  • Visiting the stunning beaches and crystal-clear waters on Phillip Island
  • Experiencing the island's unique blend of British, Australian, and Pacific Island traditions at cultural festivals
  • Exploring the island's many historic landmarks, including Bambara, the island's oldest surviving building built in 1864

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Norfolk Island is a small, mountainous island located in the southern Pacific Ocean. The island is home to several notable landmarks, including Philips Hill, which provides panoramic views of the island and surrounding ocean.

Notable Landmarks

  • Philips Hill
  • Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area
  • Bounty Mutineer Collection
  • Bumbora
  • Mrs. Kendall's Headstone
  • Gunyah

National Holidays

  • Australia Day (26 January)
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Saturday
  • Easter Sunday
  • Easter Monday
  • Anzac Day (25 April)
  • Christmas Day (25 December)
  • Boxing Day (26 December)

Political Stability

Norfolk Island is governed by the Australian Government, which provides guidance on domestic affairs, defence, and foreign affairs. The island's legislative assembly is responsible for certain local matters, including education, health, and social services. The island is also represented in the Australian Parliament by a single federal member.

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