Your guide to being an expatriate in Solomon Islands

Caffeinate Your Solomon Islands Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Solomon Islands is an archipelago nation located in the Pacific Ocean, between Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu. It consists of more than 900 islands, of which only around 50 are inhabited. The Solomon Islands boast a rich culture and heritage, with traditional customs and practices still deeply embedded in everyday life. The official languages are English and Pijin, and Melanesian and Polynesian are also widely spoken. Tourists are welcome to explore the stunning coastlines, ramble through the lush rainforests, and dive into crystal-clear waters teeming with marine life.

Solomon Islands

Expat destinations in Solomon Islands

Demographics of Solomon Islands:

Ethnic groups

Melanesian 95%, Micronesian 4%, Polynesian 1%


English (official), Pijin and 70 Melanesian languages and dialects, and a few Polynesian and Micronesian languages

Religion Overview

The Solomon Islands is predominantly Christian, with major Protestant denominations such as the United Church, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and the Christian Fellowship Church having significant followings. Roman Catholicism is also prominent. In addition, traditional Melanesian religions continue to be practiced by some in rural areas.

Major Religions


The climate in Solomon Islands is tropical and humid. The temperature generally ranges from 25°C to 31°C (77°F to 88°F), with higher humidity levels. Rainfall is heavy throughout the year, with the wettest months being December to March, and the driest months being July to September.

Economy Overview

The economy of Solomon Islands is based around agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Coconuts, palm oil, and cocoa are the major agricultural exports, while timber is the largest source of foreign currency earnings. The government encourages foreign investment in fisheries, forestry, and small-scale tourism development. Key industries include maritime transport, construction, and healthcare.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Fisheries
  • Maritime transport
  • Construction
  • Healthcare

Major Companies

  • Solomon Airlines
  • BSP Solomon Islands
  • Trust Company (Solomon Islands) Ltd
  • Tangarare Ltd
  • Air Niugini Ltd

Culture and Language Overview

Culture and tradition are deeply ingrained in Solomon Islands society, with traditional practices and ceremonies remaining an integral part of everyday life. Contributing factors include language, customs, taboos, mythology, art, music, and handicrafts, which together represent a unique cultural heritage. Kastom, a Melanesian term meaning traditional culture, refers to the practices and beliefs of previous generations that continue to be important today.

Cultural Highlights

  • Honiara Cultural Centre & Museum
  • Museum of Melanesian Art & Anthropology (MOMAA)
  • The Warrior's Land (Vella Lavella)
  • The Humpback Whale Sanctuary (Vella Lavella)
  • Ramble through the grasslands and rainforests to spot wildlife such as endemic birds and Solomon island flycatcher (Gagari Season)

Geography and Landmarks Overview

The Solomon Islands archipelago is spread over a vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean, covering over 28,000 square kilometers. Its landmarks include active volcanoes such as Mt. Gallegga and Mt. Popomanaseu, pristine coral reefs rich in marine life, as well as exquisite flora and fauna. The Flowerpot Islands, located in the central Solomon Islands, are a particular attraction, owing to its distinctive geological formations.

Notable Landmarks

  • Mt. Gallegga & Mt. Popomanaseu
  • Flowerpot Islands
  • The Kastom Garden Party Festival (Moen Island)
  • The WWII sites in Honiara & Sanghazu Harbor
  • The Mbabarga & Run Run Caves (Ruaru)

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day
  • Good Friday
  • Mothers' Day
  • Easter Monday
  • work Day
  • Anzac Day
  • Constitution Day
  • Queen's Birthday
  • Independence Day
  • Christmas Day

Political Stability

The Solomon Islands is a parliamentary democracy in free association with New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. The health indicators have continued to improve slightly over the past decade, with education and healthcare reforms being implemented. However, issues such as political instability, corruption, crime, and poverty still persist. Gang violence and tribal disputes continue to occur in some parts of the Solomon Islands.

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