Your guide to being an expatriate in Argentina

Caffeinate Your Argentina Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern portion of South America. With a population of approximately 44 million, Argentina is the second-largest country in South America and the world's 32nd largest country by total area. Founded as a Spanish colony, Argentina gained its independence in 1816 and has since developed into a thriving democracy. Today, Argentina is a dynamic country that balances a strong economy with a rich cultural heritage.


Expat destinations in Argentina

Demographics of Argentina:

Ethnic groups

Predominantly white, with a significant population of Italians, Spaniards, and Germans. Approximately 97% of the population identifies as Roman Catholic.


Spanish (official)

Religion Overview

Argentina is predominantly Catholic, with approximately 97% of the population practicing this religion. The Catholic Church has significant influence over Argentine society, particularly in matters of education and social welfare.

Major Religions


Argentina has a diverse climate, ranging from subtropical in the north to subpolar in the south. The countryside is marked by rolling grasslands known as pampas, while the north is home to lush rainforests. The extreme south is characterized by frigid steppes and wide-open plains.

Economy Overview

Argentina has a market economy that is characterized by both private enterprise and significant government intervention. The country's main industries include agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Greece-based multinational retailer CARREFour SA, Argentina-based beverage company Coca-Cola FEMSA, as well as Argentina's largest bank, Banco Galicia, are among some of the most prominent companies based in Argentina.

Key Industries

  • Agriculture (soybeans, corn, wheat)
  • Manufacturing (food processing, textiles, steel)

Major Companies

  • CARREFour SA
  • Coca-Cola FEMSA
  • Banco Galicia

Culture and Language Overview

Argentina is a melting pot of European and Latin American cultures. The country is known for its rich literary heritage, with notable writers including Jorge Luis Borges, Julio Cortázar, and Leonor Fernández. Argentine cuisine is diverse, with popular dishes including steak, empanadas, and dulce de leche. Tango, an Argentine dance and music genre, is a cultural icon that is globally recognized.

Cultural Highlights

  • Tango (a dance and music genre)
  • Festivals (such as Carnaval, Fiesta de la Vendimia, and Festival de San Lorenzo)
  • Football (soccer) is a major sport in Argentina)

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Argentina is the world's 8th largest country by total area. The country is bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean in the east. Argentina is home to some of the most stunning natural landscapes in South America, including glaciers, mountain ranges, and vast grasslands. Some of the most notable landmarks in Argentina include the Iguazu Falls, the Perito Moreno Glacier, and the historical city of Buenos Aires.

Notable Landmarks

  • Iguazu Falls (a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world's largest waterfalls)
  • Perito Moreno Glacier (part of the South Patagonian Ice Field)
  • Buenos Aires (the capital city of Argentina and proud cultural center)

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Epiphany (January 6)
  • Remembrance Day for the Fallen (July 15)
  • Argentine Independence Day (July 9)
  • National Flag Day (20 November)

Political Stability

Argentina is a constitutional republic that is governed through democratic processes, though the country has experienced fluctuations in political stability over the years. After a period of political and economic strain in recent decades, Argentina has begun to rebuild and establish greater political stability. The country's current political environment is characterized by strong democratic institutions, with active participation from civil society and the media. Some ongoing political challenges include addressing high levels of corruption and socioeconomic inequality.

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