Your guide to being an expatriate in Nigeria

Caffeinate Your Nigeria Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Nigeria is a country that has come a long way since its independence from British colonial rule in 1960. Its fast-growing economy, expanding middle class, and growing ma- gan industries have earned it recognition as one of the world's leading emerging markets. Despite its many strengths, Nigeria faces challenges, including poor infrastructure, corruption, and violence in some areas. Nevertheless, Nigeria's resilient and resourceful people continue to work towards solving its problems and building a brighter future.


Expat destinations in Nigeria

Demographics of Nigeria:

Ethnic groups

Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, Edo, Jukun, Gwari, Akpo


English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulfulde (Peuls), Ijaw, Kanuri

Religion Overview

Nigeria is a deeply religious country, with over 80% of the population identifying as Christian or Muslim. Christians mainly follow Protestant, Catholic, or Anglican denominations, while Muslims practice Sunni Islam. Traditional African religions also continue to play a significant role in many communities.

Major Religions


Nigeria has a tropical climate, with high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. There are two rainy seasons, from March to June and from September to December, and two dry seasons. The rainy season brings relief from the heat and an abundance of lush vegetation.

Economy Overview

Nigeria has one of the largest and most diverse economies in Africa, with a mix of agriculture, industry, and services. It is rich in natural resources, including oil, gas, coal, and iron ore, which contribute significantly to its GDP. However, Nigeria's economy is still struggling with corruption, inequality, and a lack of infrastructure, which are major challenges on the path to sustained growth.

Key Industries

  • Oil and Gas
  • Telecommunications
  • Banking and Finance
  • Agriculture
  • Manufacturing
  • Trade

Major Companies

  • Dangote Group (conglomerate)
  • Access Bank (banking)
  • Transcorp (conglomerate)
  • Globacom (telecommunications)
  • UPDC (real estate)
  • Lafarge Africa (cement)

Culture and Language Overview

Nigeria has a vibrant and diverse culture that reflects its rich history and diverse communities. Nigerian art, music, dance, and literature are renowned around the world for their creativity, innovation, and social relevance. Nigerians are also known for their hospitality, generosity, and warmth.

Cultural Highlights

  • Nollywood, the largest film industry in Africa
  • Juju music and Afrobeats
  • Bronzework sculptures and textiles
  • Yoruba traditional religion, with its intricate mythology and symbols
  • The Ekpe society, a fraternity for Ibibio men
  • Efik-Ibibio Wooden Masks

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Nigeria is blessed with a remarkable array of landscapes, from its lush rainforests and rolling hills to its vast savannas and teeming rivers. Its many National Parks, such as Yankari, Cross River, and Kainji National Parks, provide havens for some of the most magnificent wildlife in Africa.

Notable Landmarks

  • Yankari Games Reserve
  • Obudu Mountains (Cross River)
  • Ikogosi Warm Springs
  • Gurara Falls
  • Idanre Hill
  • Olumo Rock, Abeokuta

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday
  • Christian Pentecost (May-June)
  • Democracy Day (May 29)
  • Eid ul-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
  • Eid ul-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • Boxing Day (December 26)

Political Stability

Nigeria's constitutional democracy has seen significant progress in recent years, with a growing number of free and fair elections. However, corruption, security issues, and economic inequality continue to pose challenges to its democratic consolidation and economic development. The country's political and social landscape is dominated by several political parties, with the All Progressives Congress (APC) and the People's Democratic Party (PDP) being the two main political forces.

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