Your guide to being an expatriate in Israel

Caffeinate Your Israel Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Israel, the world's only Jewish state, is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel's history is long and complex, stretching back centuries. Today, the country is a thriving modern nation boasting a highly advanced economy, a strong social cohesion, global influence, and stunning scenic vistas. Israel is a melting pot of religions and cultures with a diverse population that includes Jews, Arabs, Druze, and Circassians. It's no surprise that many expats make Israel their new home.


Expat destinations in Israel

Demographics of Israel:

Ethnic groups

Jewish (74.4%), Arab (20.3%) (mostly Muslim, Christian, and Druze), and other (5.3%)(2021 estimate)


Hebrew (Official) 91%, Arabic (official) 5%, and English (widely spoken) 12%

Religion Overview

Israel is famous for being the homeland of the three major Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. With an estimated 80% of the population being Jewish, Judaism undoubtedly dominates the religious scene. Israel is home to several holy sites important to all three religions.

Major Religions


Israel's climate is predominantly Mediterranean, with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The coastal plain is particularly favored by tourists due to the temperate climate and stretch of beautiful beaches. The south is more arid, and the Negev desert is dry and hot.

Economy Overview

Israel's economy is highly developed and technologically advanced, with a high standard of living. Research and development are major sectors, and the country is recognized globally for its many commercial achievements. Highlighted by the vibrant startup culture, Israel's economy ranks well among the strong economies worldwide.

Key Industries

  • High-tech and electronics
  • Biotechnology and pharmaceutical
  • Chemicals and plastics
  • Food processing and agriculture
  • Water technologies
  • Arms and defense industries
  • International trade and financial services

Major Companies

  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
  • Mellanox Technologies
  • BIR Manufacturing Industries
  • Orbotech
  • Nice Systems
  • Elbit Systems
  • Intel Israel

Culture and Language Overview

Israel's culture is diverse, influenced by numerous religions, ethnicities, and past civilizations. Traditional food is a reflection of ancient Jewish cuisine, and "Shalom" is an endearing greeting. The annual cultural calendar reflects centuries-old traditions and modern festivities, such as Israeli Independence Day, Purim, Hannukah, and Lag Ba' Omer.

Cultural Highlights

  • The Yom Kippur War Museum
  • The Tel Aviv Museum of Art
  • Jaffa, founded in ancient times by the Phoenicians
  • The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
  • Traditional Folk Dancing
  • Story Telling and Folklore

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Israel's geography combines rocky mountains, smooth coastal cliffs, shimmering deserts, and expansive lakes, with a rich history clear to all. Over the ages, different cultures have left their imprints on the land, shaping a fascinating landscape that is resonant with Israeli history.

Notable Landmarks

  • The Old City of Jerusalem, home to the Western (Wailing) Wall
  • Masada, a massive mountain fortress near the Dead Sea
  • Caesarea, an archaeological marvel in the north
  • Timna Park, where the Anat World Tour Bernstein Beat Concert was held in the 60s
  • The impressive Jaffa Gate, located between Mount Zion and the Old City
  • Mount Hermon, an oddly majestic mountain that separates Israel and Syria
  • The ancient city of Bethlehem in the West Bank

National Holidays

  • Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)
  • Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
  • Sukkot (Feast of Booths)
  • Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day)
  • Hanukkah (Festival of Lights)
  • Tu b'Shvat (New Year for Trees)
  • Purim (Celebration of Esther's Triumph)
  • Yom Ha'atzmaut (Israeli Independence Day)
  • Yom Ha'shoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
  • Yom Yerushalaim (Jerusalem Day)
  • Lag Ba' Omer (49 Days Countdown to Shavuot)
  • Remembrance Day for Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism
  • Independence Day Ceremony
  • Balfour Day
  • New Year's Day

Political Stability

With a complex political terrain, Israel's democracy is one of the oldest in the region, reflected in its stable institutions. The Israeli government is based on the parliamentary system, serving as a model nation for democracy in the Middle East.

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