Your guide to being an expatriate in Kuwait

Caffeinate Your Kuwait Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Kuwait, officially the State of Kuwait, is a country located in Western Asia. It is a small country that borders Iraq and Saudi Arabia to the north and south, respectively. Kuwait is an Islamic emirate that became independent from British control on 19 June 1961. With an abundance of natural resources such as oil and gas, Kuwait is an oil-rich country that remains a significant force in the Middle East. Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democratic system.


Expat destinations in Kuwait

Demographics of Kuwait:

Ethnic groups

Kuwaiti (mostly Arab) 97%, Iranian, Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and other 3%


Arabic (official) 95%, English (common among educated population) 10%, Urdu, Hindi, and Filipino (used in business and commerce)

Religion Overview

Kuwait follows Islam as the dominant religion, with the vast majority practicing the Sunni sect. Shia Islam also has a presence in Kuwait, especially in the northern regions of Hawally and Al-Ahmadi. While Kuwait is known for its religious conservatism, the country has a relatively moderate and tolerant Islamic community.

Major Religions


Kuwait has a hot desert climate with scorching summers and mild winters. The country experiences extremely high temperatures in the summer, with temperatures frequently reaching 50°C (122°F). In contrast, winters are relatively mild, with temperatures rarely falling below 10°C (50°F).

Economy Overview

Kuwait's economy is heavily dependent on the oil and gas industry, which accounts for nearly 50% of its GDP. The country has the world's sixth-largest oil reserves, which has enabled it to maintain a high standard of living for its population. Kuwait has been investing heavily in infrastructure, education, and healthcare, leading to a growing services sector. Kuwait also plays a critical role in the global economy, having served as a member of OPEC since its inception.

Key Industries

  • Oil and gas production
  • Banking and finance
  • Real estate and construction
  • Trading and logistics

Major Companies

  • Kuwait Oil Company
  • National Bank of Kuwait
  • Al Ghurair Real Estate

Culture and Language Overview

Kuwaiti culture is heavily influenced by both Arab and Western traditions. The country has a vibrant arts and literature scene, with issues such as modernization, globalization, and Islamism being central themes in much of the artistic expression. Kuwaiti citizens are proud of their heritage and traditions, and efforts are being made to preserve them in the face of rapid modernization.

Cultural Highlights

  • Al Aqar Souq - A bustling market selling traditional handicrafts, textiles, and spices
  • Kuwait Tower - A striking landmark and modern-day symbol of Kuwait's modernization and progress
  • Al Adhan Mosque - A beautiful mosque that remains an essential and cherished part of Kuwaiti culture and tradition

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Kuwait's stunning geography is characterized by rolling deserts, vast expanses of sand dunes, and salt flats. The country also has several unique and iconic landmarks that are worth visiting. One of the most prominent landmarks is the Kuwait Towers, which provide not only architectural beauty but also practical benefits such as housing restaurants and observation decks.

Notable Landmarks

  • Kuwait Towers
  • Failaka Island - A picturesque island that showcases a blend of history, culture, and modernity
  • Mosque of the Great Mosque of Al-Kuwait Al- Zahraa

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Liberation Day (February 26)
  • National Day (June 19)
  • Gulf Day (December 19)

Political Stability

Kuwait has remained politically stable since gaining independence in 1961. However, there have been some instances of political unrest and protests, particularly relating to proposed constitutional amendments and disputed parliamentary elections. Nevertheless, Kuwait remains a relatively stable political entity, with a long-standing tradition of peaceful political opposition and grassroots activism.

Find out more about expats in Middle East

Latest articles for expats living in Kuwait