Your guide to being an expatriate in Australia

Caffeinate Your Australia Expat Journey: Find Essential Info and Connect with Expatriates Today!

Australia is a country and continent surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is known for its diverse landscape of deserts, rainforests, and beaches, as well as its unique wildlife such as kangaroos and koalas. With a population of over 25 million, Australia has a thriving economy and is a popular destination for expatriates.


Expat destinations in Australia

Demographics of Australia:

Ethnic groups

  • Australian (40.3%)
  • English (32.6%)
  • Irish (7.7%)
  • Scottish (7.0%)
  • Chinese (4.8%)
  • Indian (2.8%)
  • German (1.8%)
  • Italian (1.7%)
  • Dutch (1.4%)
  • Fijian (1.3%)


English (66.7%)

Religion Overview

Australia is a largely secular society, with a majority identifying as Christian (51.6%). Other religions that are prominent include Buddhism (2.5%), Islam (2.2%), and Hinduism (1.9%).

Major Religions


Australia has a generally hot, dry climate with a wide range of weather conditions from desert in the interior to tropical rainforests in the north-east. The coastal regions experience moderate temperatures year-round.

Economy Overview

Australia has a prosperous market economy with a high human development index. Its major industries include finance, mining, agriculture, and tourism. The country is a member of the OECD and the G20.

Key Industries

  • Finance
  • Mining
  • Agriculture
  • Tourism
  • Science and technology

Major Companies

  • Commonwealth Bank of Australia
  • ANZ
  • Westpac Banking Corporation
  • NAB (National Australia Bank)
  • Origin Energy
  • Santos
  • BHP Group
  • Woodside Petroleum

Culture and Language Overview

Australian culture is a unique mix of Indigenous, British, and other European influences. The country is known for its laid-back lifestyle, sporting culture (Aussie rules football, rugby league, cricket), and iconic landmarks such as the Sydney Opera House and Uluru (Ayers Rock).

Cultural Highlights

  • Surfing and beach culture
  • Sydney Opera House (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
  • Ayers Rock (Uluru)
  • Melbourne Cup horse race
  • The Great Barrier Reef
  • Outback Queensland

Geography and Landmarks Overview

Australia's terrain varies widely, ranging from arid deserts such as the Nullarbor Plain and Gibson Desert to lush rainforests like Daintree and Wet Tropics. The country is also home to numerous national parks and marine reserves.

Notable Landmarks

  • Sydney Opera House
  • Uluru (Ayers Rock)
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • 12 Apostles (Victoria)
  • Kakadu National Park
  • Rainbow Reef (Great Barrier Reef)

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Australia Day (January 26)
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday
  • Anzac Day (April 25)
  • Reconciliation Day (May 27)
  • Queen's Birthday (second Monday in June)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • Boxing Day (December 26)

Political Stability

Australia is considered a stable democracy, with a federal parliamentary system and regular elections held every three years. The country enjoys strong relations with its Asia-Pacific neighbours and is a member of several international organizations, including the Commonwealth and ASEAN.

Find out more about expats in Oceania

Latest articles for expats living in Australia