Your guide to being an expatriate in Falkland Islands

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The Falkland Islands, also known as Las Malvinas by Argentina, are a British Overseas Territory comprising two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, along with several smaller islands. Their history is rich and complex, having been disputed by Argentina since the 19th century. In 1982, Argentina invaded the islands, but a British counter-attack led to a brief but bloody conflict, known as the Falklands War. Today, the Falklands are an autonomous territory, governed by a legislative assembly, and they proudly fly the Union Jack alongside their own flag. The islands are home to a diverse ecosystem, including rare species of birds and penguins, as well as unique cultural heritage.

Falkland Islands

Expat destinations in Falkland Islands

Demographics of Falkland Islands:

Ethnic groups

The majority of the population is of British descent, with some native Falkland Islanders and people of Welsh, Irish, and Scottish ancestry.


English is the official language, with some Spanish and Welsh spoken by minority populations.

Religion Overview

The Falkland Islands have a predominantly Christian population, with most identifying as Anglican. Additionally, there are small communities of Methodists, Catholics, and Baptists.

Major Religions


The Falkland Islands have a subantarctic climate, characterized by cool temperatures, frequent winds, and precipitation spread evenly throughout the year. Average temperatures range from 5°C in winter to 10°C in summer.

Economy Overview

The Falkland Islands' economy is primarily based on fishing, agriculture, tourism, and the British defense forces. The islands are one of the world's main suppliers of premium quality squid, and their proximity to rich fishing stocks has made the industry a significant contributor to the economy. Tourism is also an essential part of the Falklands' economy, with visitors coming to witness the islands' unique wildlife and cultural heritage.

Key Industries

  • Fisheries
  • Agriculture
  • Tourism

Major Companies

  • Falkland Islands Conservation Board
  • Falkland Islands Development Corporation
  • Falklands Fisheries Department

Culture and Language Overview

The Falklands' culture is a unique blend of British and Falkland Islander traditions. The islands' heritage is deeply rooted in their history, with the Falklands War of 1982 having a significant impact on the community. The Falkland Islands' unique geography has also played a role in shaping the culture, with a strong focus on agriculture and fishing.

Cultural Highlights

  • The Falkland Islands War Memorial and Museum
  • Christ Church Cathedral
  • Cutting wildflowers and creating 'bog gardens'

Geography and Landmarks Overview

The Falkland Islands are located in the South Atlantic Ocean, around 400 miles east of South America. The terrain is primarily rolling hills and low plains, with coastal cliffs providing stunning views of the ocean. The islands are home to a wide array of wildlife, including penguins, seals, and albatrosses.

Notable Landmarks

  • Volunteer Point: Home to a large colony of king penguins
  • Battlefield tours of the beaches and hills where the Falklands War took place.
  • Stanley: The capital city of the Falkland Islands, known for its colorful houses and vibrant community life.

National Holidays

  • New Year's Day (January 1)
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday
  • Spring Bank Holiday (last Monday in May)
  • Summer Bank Holiday (last Monday in August)
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
  • Boxing Day (December 26)

Political Stability

The Falkland Islands are an autonomous British Overseas Territory, and the people of the Falklands have voted in referendums to remain a British territory. Argentina still maintains a claim to the islands, but the Falklands' government and population have consistently expressed their desire to be an independent self-governing territory within the British Overseas Territories.

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